SHARE CATALOGUE Project
The SHARE Catalogue project involved conversion to linked open data, publication on different sites and open data portals and the construction of a single portal for the use of the data in the authority and bibliographic catalogues of the participating Universities:
- Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II (Naples)
- Università degli Studi di Napoli L’Orientale (Naples)
- Università degli Studi Napoli Parthenope (Naples)
- Università degli Studi di Salerno (Salerno)
- Università degli Studi del Sannio (Benevento)
- Università degli Studi della Basilicata (Potenza)
- Università degli Studi del Salento (Lecce)
The decision to direct a project of data integration from different catalogues to the Web Semantic and linked open data technologies was based on extensive literature that defines its potential and richness.
The goal, therefore, was not only to facilitate interaction, exchange and the reuse of information between dissimilar computer systems (in terms of sw and hw), but, above all, to offer very interesting benefits to both the knowledge base manager (the librarian) and the end user.
The catalogue presented is part of a broader project of cooperation and service sharing between the libraries of Campania, Basilicata and Salento called SHARE (Scholarly Heritage and Access to Research), which includes, with different levels of collaboration:
- the adoption of an organisational model based on cooperation;
- the integrated access to bibliographic and document information relating to their respective analogue and digital collections;
- the creation of common platforms for digital publishing (SHARE Press | SHARE Journals | SHARE Books | SHARE Open Archive).
Through the SHARE Catalogue and the linked open data catalogue, research systems and different publishing platforms created within the project of cooperation and sharing of SHARE services, the affiliated universities are promoting a culture of openness towards knowledge and science, offering users and, primarily, scholars a consistently coherent set of tools to compile, publish and make freely accessible on the web, according to international standards, their entire research cycle from collection to data classification, from relational structuring to textual presentation, and finally reworking in the discursive order of an article or a book.
The macro objective of the project was the integration of the considerable knowledge base represented by the universities’ different authority and bibliographic catalogues to enrich it with the new and in-flux one generated by the web, creating an integrated information system to provide users with a single access tool for the various Libraries’ OPAC.
On this basis, the objectives were subsequently divided into different but complementary lines:
- the conversion of data according to the reference model indicated by the W3C standards for Linked Open Data, RDF – Resource Description Framework;
- the creation of a data structure based on separate records for Persons and Works, defined by the BIBFRAME model;
- the enrichment of data through a connection to external projects, above all related to Authority files and online encyclopedias (e.g. VIAF, Library of Congress Name Authority File, ISNI, Wikipedia, Wikidata, etc.);
- the publication of datasets on the sites responsible for receiving data in linked open data with Creative Commons license;
- the construction of a consultation portal, equipped with simple and intuitive navigation based on the new BIBFRAME – Bibliographic Framework Initiative – data model.
With the project, the following results were achieved:
- the conversion into Linked Open Data, through the use of industry ontologies, the bibliographic catalogues of universities in Campania, Basilicata and Salento;
- the creation of a portal as the single navigation interface of enriched catalogues organised according to BIBFRAME, the data model that reflects the entity model/FRBR relationships.